What is the Difference Between an Industrial Furnace and an Industrial Oven?

A simple rule of thumb to follow is that any engineered heating equipment that generates temperatures over 1000 degrees Fahrenheit is a furnace, and that which generates temperatures less than that is an industrial oven. But there are several other differences as well:

Industrial furnace

Approach to Heating

In an industrial oven, the heat source heats the air and then “pushes” it into the oven. The air is recirculated in the heating chamber to heat the object placed within the oven that requires the heat treatment.

In an industrial furnace, the object to be heated is placed right on, or very, very close to the direct heat source. A good example of this is when a bar of iron gets superheated when placed on top of coals in a coal-fired forge and turns red-hot.

It is easier to heat objects in an industrial oven evenly than it is in an industrial furnace. In industrial furnaces you need to be careful how you place the objects within the heating chamber to assure that they are heated evenly.

What Do You Use an Industrial Oven for?

Because industrial ovens work at a much lower temperature than an industrial furnace, they are used for curing paints, powders, polymers and composites. They also are often used for removing excess moisture for pre-treating and painting, as well as for pharmaceuticals. But the most common use for industrial ovens is preparing food for consumption.

What Do You Use an Industrial Furnace for?

Industrial furnaces are used more often for the heat treatment of metals for processes such as annealing, tempering and carburizing. Industrial furnaces are also used in the pre-treatment of materials prior to the forging process. Industrial furnaces are also involved in processing glass and various types of ceramics.

It Doesn’t Matter if You are Looking for an Industrial Oven or an Industrial Furnace

Epcon can engineer a custom solution that meets your specific needs. Reach out to one of our experts today by completing our simple online Get a Quote form, call us at (936) 273-3300, or send us an email at epcon@epconlp.com.

How the Medical and Pharmaceutical Industries Use Industrial Ovens

Industrial ovens are common equipment seen in the medical and pharmaceutical industries. They have many different types of uses and are essential in order to meet FDA, as well as EPA, guidelines.

Pharma’s Use of Industrial Ovens

The pharmaceutical industry uses ovens as industrial curing ovens to “bake on” coatings for pills. Some industrial ovens are used in conjunction with thermal oxidizers to “burn off” excess chemicals or waste created in the production of these products. The pharmaceutical industry also uses them to decontaminate the exterior of pre-sterilized products before use in a clean room, and for sterilizing lab testing equipment such as glass vials.

Industrial oven for medical and pharmaceutical industries

Sterilization of Medical Equipment

Another huge task tackled by industrial ovens in the healthcare industry is sterilizing medical instruments and devices. Some examples of the types of medical equipment decontaminated by industrial ovens include: syringes, scissors, scalpels, metallic surgical components such as metal rods and staples, replacement knees and hips, and many other parts.

Industrial ovens used in these industries require the ability to control the temperature exactly to make sure that all bacteria, viruses, microbes and other contaminants are eliminated so that these implements are safe to use.

Need a Customized Industrial Oven for Medical Use?

As you can see, the number and variety of uses for industrial ovens in the medical equipment, pharmaceutical and laboratory is considerable. Chances are whatever you need your industrial oven for will need to be customized to meet your specific requirements. Why not work with the best?

Give us a call at (936) 273-3300, email us at epcon@epconlp.com, or complete our simple online contact form to reach out to one of our industrial oven experts today.

3 Common Features of Custom Industrial Ovens

3 Common Features of Custom Industrial Ovens

The number of industrial oven designs are almost as limitless as the number of industries and individual companies that use them. But there are some common features that you see used in customized industrial oven design:

Different Fuel/Heat Sources

Depending on your location, industry, or specific operating requirements, your custom industrial oven design can support a variety of different fuel sources. This can be electric, gas or even use an alternative fuel source.

Custom industrial ovens

Air Flow Configuration

A critical component of a custom industrial oven is the duct work that controls the air flow through the process. Since the heat source for this process is delivered by forced air convection (most of the time), this has a significant impact on the overall industrial oven design. The air duct configuration also can help determine if the material being processed is large–a typical configuration is an air supply duct on the side (or horizontal) and a return air duct on the ceiling of the oven (or vertical). For smaller batches of material, a typical air duct pattern uses as “straight through” airflow, either going from top to bottom or from one side to the other on the unit.


The industrial conveyor oven is customized to allow product to move continuously through a system. This is key when stopping production to “load” the oven is just not practical and slows down the process. Conveyors are also a key component of an automated system which moves product through it in a specific sequence. Some examples of this type of use would be for composite curing, powder coat finishing and pharmaceutical applications.

Epcon Specializes in Custom Industrial Ovens

At Epcon Industrial Systems, we specialize designing and building “uncommon systems for uncommon applications.”  We can create an industrial oven design that meets your specific needs. For more information, complete our simple Get a Quote form, call us at (936) 273-3300, or send us an email at epcon@epconlp.com.